Due to its ability to tolerate heat, humidity, and salt, St. Augustine grass is a popular warm-season grass that is commonly found in the southern United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
And one of the most common methods of planting St. Augustine grass is through plugs.
Planting St. Augustine grass plugs is a cost-effective and efficient way to establish a new lawn or fill in bare spots.
The plugs are small sections of grass that are planted into the soil and allowed to grow and spread.
The ideal time for planting St. Augustine grass plugs is during the warm months of the year when the soil temperature is above 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
Planting St. Augustine grass plugs requires some preparation and care to ensure success.
You really gotta pick the right time to plant, prepare the soil properly, and water the plugs regularly.
By following the right steps, homeowners can enjoy a lush and healthy St. Augustine lawn in just a few months.
Table of Contents
When to Plant St Augustine Grass Plugs
St Augustine grass plugs are a popular way to establish a lush, green lawn.
However, planting at the wrong time of year can lead to poor results.
So let’s look at the best time to plant St Augustine grass plugs.
St Augustine grass is what’s known as a warm-season grass, which means that it thrives in hot temperatures.
The ideal temperature range for planting St Augustine grass plugs is between 80-100°F.
Planting during this temperature range will ensure that the grass plugs establish quickly and grow vigorously.
It’s important to note that soil temperatures are just as important as air temperatures when it comes to planting St Augustine grass plugs.
Soil temperatures should be at least 70°F at night before planting to ensure the best results.
The ideal time to plant St Augustine grass plugs is in late spring or early summer.
Planting during this time will allow the grass plugs to establish before the heat of summer sets in.
It’s important to plant at least 90 days before the first fall frost to give the grass plenty of time to establish before winter.
Planting in the late summer can also be successful, but it’s important to be mindful of the estimated first winter frost.
Planting it too late in the season often results in the grass not having enough time to establish before winter, which can lead to poor results in the spring.
In summary, the best time to plant St Augustine grass plugs is during the warmest months of the year, when temperatures are between 80-100°F.
Planting in late spring or early summer will give the grass plugs plenty of time to establish before winter.
It’s important to plant at least 90 days ahead of the first frost in the fall for the best results.
How to Plant St Augustine Grass Plugs
Preparing the Soil
Before planting St Augustine grass plugs, it is important to prepare the soil properly.
The soil should be loose and free of any debris or rocks.
It is recommended to add a layer of compost or topsoil to the soil to improve its quality.
The pH level of the soil needs to be between 5.0-8.5 for optimal growth.
A soil test can be performed to find out the pH level and nutrient content of your soil.
Spacing and Planting
Spacing the plugs correctly is important for the growth and health of the St Augustine grass.
The recommended spacing is 6 to 12 inches apart, depending on the size of the plugs.
Dig a hole for each plug, making sure it is deep enough to accommodate the entire root system.
Place the plug into the hole, making sure the crown of the plant is level with the surface of the soil.
Then you can fill the hole with soil before gently packing it down around the plug. Water the plugs thoroughly after planting.
Watering and Fertilizing
Watering the St Augustine grass plugs is crucial for their survival and growth.
The plugs should be watered deeply and frequently, especially the first few weeks after planting.
It is recommended to water the plugs 3 to 5 times a day for up to 10 days after planting.
After the first week, the frequency of watering can be reduced to once or twice a day.
Fertilizing the St Augustine grass plugs is also important for their growth and health.
A slow-release fertilizer should be applied to the plugs about 6 to 8 weeks after planting.
You must follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the application rate and frequency.
Over-fertilizing can damage the plugs and lead to poor growth.
Overall, planting St Augustine grass plugs requires proper soil preparation, spacing, planting, watering, and fertilizing.
Maintenance of St Augustine Grass Plugs
Once you have planted your St. Augustine grass plugs, it is important to maintain them properly to ensure their growth and health.
There’s some essential maintenance tasks for St. Augustine grass plugs, including mowing and trimming, weed control, and pest and disease management.
Mowing and Trimming
Regular mowing and trimming are essential for maintaining healthy St. Augustine grass plugs.
The ideal mowing height for a lawn of St. Augustine grass is between 2.5 and 4 inches.
Mowing too low can damage the grass, which makes it more susceptible to pests and disease.
It is recommended to mow your St. Augustine grass every 7-10 days during the growing season.
When you’re trimming the edges of your lawn, it is important to avoid cutting into the grass blades.
This can cause damage to the roots and make the grass more susceptible to pests and diseases. Instead, use a trimmer or edger to create a clean edge without damaging the grass.
Weeds can quickly take over a lawn and compete with St. Augustine grass for nutrients and water.
If you wanna prevent weeds from taking over your lawn, it is important to maintain a healthy lawn through proper watering, fertilization, and mowing.
You can use pre-emergent herbicides to prevent weed seeds from germinating in your lawn.
If you do notice weeds in your lawn, you gotta remove them as soon as possible to prevent them from spreading.
Remove the weeds by hand or use a post-emergent herbicide to kill the weeds without harming your St. Augustine grass.
Pest and Disease Management
St. Augustine grass is susceptible to a few different pests and diseases, including chinch bugs, grubs, and brown patch.
To prevent these problems, it is important to maintain a healthy lawn through proper watering, fertilization, and mowing.
Additionally, you can use insecticides and fungicides to prevent and treat pest and disease problems.
If you do see signs of pests or diseases in your lawn, you must tackle the problem ASAP to prevent it from spreading.
Contact a lawn care professional for help identifying and treating pest and disease problems in your St. Augustine grass plugs.